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Recently, the Civil Aviation Administration found many incidents in which freight forwarders mistakenly collected dangerous goods, which seriously endangered aviation safety. Although these incidents have been dealt with in a timely and proper manner without causing substantial damage, their potential security risks are very serious. Freight companies, as shippers, are often severely punished by airlines and the Civil Aviation Administration, such as fines, suspension of orders, and criminally liable for serious cases.
It is well known that in the process of air transportation, dangerous goods may explode, spontaneously ignite and leak poisonous gases due to changes in air pressure, temperature, vibration and space restrictions, which may cause damage to aircraft, life and cargo. Relevant state departments have strict regulations on the production, storage, transportation and handling of dangerous goods. There are different requirements for the main body, method and cost of operation. However, some customers hide dangerous goods for all kinds of ulterior purposes. If the freight company is not careful, it will be involved in the whirlpool of suspected concealment of dangerous goods, which will badly affect the company's reputation, economy and business. Therefore, if freight companies want to develop healthily and in the long run, they must strengthen the risk prevention and management of dangerous goods and general chemical products transportation. According to the analysis, there are three types of dangerous goods shipped by customers: negligent, intentional and malicious.
Negligence type: The customer declared the name of ordinary chemicals, dangerous goods were sent as ordinary goods by mistake when delivery. Some are wholesale wrong goods, some are a small number of wrong goods, and some are mixed with individual dangerous goods. For the dangerous goods mishanded out, if the freight forwarding company can check the unity of the bill and the cargo carefully, it can find the abnormality, because in this case, the customer belongs to the unintentional misdistribution of the cargo. The dangerous goods name, mark, mark on the package of the cargo can not correspond to the name, mark and mark on the document, as long as the receipt of the freight forwarding company carefully handles the cargo. Checking the labels, marks and documents on the package can find out the discrepancies in time, avoid the delivery of dangerous goods, and in order to prevent individual dangerous goods from being mixed up, it is necessary to examine one by one, box by box without any omission.
Intentional: In order to avoid the cumbersome inspection procedures and high costs of dangerous goods transportation, customers intend to declare under the name of ordinary chemical products. At this time, the inspection report accompanied by the customer must be the conclusion of the relevant inspection institutions on the non-dangerous nature of the declared general chemical products. If the relevant departments request to re-do the technical appraisal, the customer will send the samples prepared in advance to the inspection, so the dangerous goods will be shipped in a magnificent manner as ordinary chemical products.
Malicious type: In the current situation of frequent international terrorist activities, freight companies have to guard against the possibility of terrorist forces using air cargo transport to commit crimes. The Lockerbie air crash in 1988 and the September 11, 2001 incidents are typical cases of international terrorism, with extremely heavy consequences. Transport enterprises must be vigilant to prevent terrorists from committing terrorist crimes by taking advantage of our lax censorship and negligence in handover.
So how should freight companies regulate their operations in order to effectively identify dangerous goods and prevent the risk of accepting dangerous goods by mistake? The author believes that only by strengthening the awareness of risk prevention in dangerous goods transportation, and working together and jointly on personnel training, management, operation and law, can the freight forwarding company achieve good results.
Freight companies should first strengthen job training from the perspective of personnel training, in order to enhance the awareness of the hazards of dangerous goods and the ability to identify dangerous goods. Employ safety personnel to educate all sales and operation personnel of the company on the dangers of dangerous goods transportation and the general knowledge of safety, so that the company can realize ideologically the dangers of dangerous goods transportation to the state, to the company and the personal responsibility for this. Experts are invited to train receipt clerks and warehouse keepers on chemical product knowledge and basic knowledge of special product identification and characteristics such as pharmaceuticals, so as to improve staff's ability to distinguish and identify special goods. The receivers of warehouses are trained in the basic recognition ability of English letters, so that they can correctly distinguish the difference between the name and the mark on the documents and the packaging of goods.
Freight companies also need to formulate a series of rules and regulations prohibiting the acceptance of dangerous goods from the management point of view, in order to clarify the responsibilities of various professional posts and to deal with violations of responsibilities. Provisions for salesmen should cover the penalties of dismissal, economic investigation and criminal liability if salesmen maliciously collude with customers to conceal dangerous goods. Provisions for operators should cover such penalties as warning, fine and transfer of Posts if they fail to check dangerous goods in violation of operating rules. Provisions for operating rules should cover standardization. The determination of the person responsible for each link of the work operation and so on.
In addition, the freight forwarding company also needs to conduct a comprehensive inspection of the receipt, delivery and inspection from the operational point of view, in order to strengthen the effective monitoring of the standardized implementation of the operation process. Check whether the acceptor carefully checks the customs declaration entrustment, packing list, trade contract, invoice and mark submitted by the customer; Check whether the acceptor carefully checks the mark and mark on the package of goods, especially whether the product's mark and product name are strictly checked; Check whether the chemical product can not be judged is.